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There are several other less common types of acne, and some of these are listed below:


Pomade acne
This type of acne occurs as the result of hair care products or pomades. Pomade acne occurs most commonly in acne prone men with skin of color and usully results from long term, daily use of the pomades. This type of acne shows closely set small flesh colored bumps, mostly on the forehead. Treatment includes stopping the pomade and the use of retinoids.

Acne mechanica
Acne mechanica occurs from pressure, friction, rubbing, stretching, pinching, or pulling of acne prone skin. These actions do not cause acne per se, but in those who already have acne, or are prone to acne, this can make acne worse. The best treatment for acne mechanica is to avoid the mechanical trauma to the skin.

Occupational acne
Certain jobs can lead to exposures that contribute to acne. Occupations that involve close contact with cutting oils, petroleum oils, tar, and pitch may cause or worsen acne in acne prone individuals. These types of exposures are typically seen in road workers, roofers, oilfield and refinery workers. The acne starts with blackheads and whiteheads and then progresses to more inflammatroy lesions with pimples.

Solar acne (Favre-Racouchot acne)
This type of acne is usually seen in older people and results from exposure to ultraviolet light. It occurs more commonly in men than women and usually begins between the ages of 60 and 80. Solar acne presents as blackheads that occure most commonly around the eyes but may also occur on the nose, cheeks and forehead. Retinoids are the best treatment for this type of acne.

Steroid acne
Steroid acne is the direct result of the use of steroids (prednisone, Medrol, etc.). This is actually not technically acne, as there are no tru comedones, but an acne-like eruption. This type of breakout occurs suddenly with many scattered pimples that are all approximately the same size and can involve the chest, back, face, and upper arms. Higher doses of steroids are more likely to cause steroid acne. This type of acne usually goes away on its own, but routine treatments may help this to occur more rapidly.

Acne aestivalis (Mallorca acne)
This type of acne is the result of exposure to ultraviolet light whether it be natural (sunlight) or artificial (tanning beds). The result is scattered pimples that usually starts in the spring, peaks in the summer, and disappears in the fall. It starts of the course of a week and heals without scarring. The pimples classically occur on the back, chest, shoulders and arms and usually spares the face. Treatment is usually with topical medications.

 

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